Sunday, August 16, 2015

Note to self about equalizing vocals

Since I'm sure I will forget this information, I'm putting it online where I know I will find it back. After each step, also check the effect in the mix (i.e. together with other instruments). A subtle effect is usually better than an over-the-top effect. The information here is summarized from . Be sure to check out their video for sound examples.

Step 1: remove rumble

Use a high pass filter (aka low cut filter). Increase the cut-off frequency until you just start to hear the difference, then reduce it a bit. That's right, aim for not hearing the effect. This ensures that you only remove rubbish, and don't remove valuable data. A typical cut-off frequency will be around 80Hz-120Hz.

When done, check the effect in the mix.

Step 2: give glitter

For this purpose use a high shelving filter. Try to boost frequencies above 8kHz with anything from 1dB to about 6dB. If you want a more subtle effect, try to boost above 12kHz-16kHz instead.

When done, check the effect in the mix.

Step 3: sweep sound

Use a small bandpass filter, vary its center frequency and search for frequency bands that obviously stand out compared to other frequency bands. You can attenuate these a bit. A typical action is to attenuate around 800Hz-1kHz.

When done, check the effect in the mix.

Step 4: special fx

This step is optional.
  • To make sound brighter, try to boost 2kHz-5kHz.
  • To make vocal sit better in the mix in quieter passages, try cutting between 100Hz-250Hz
When done, check the effect in the mix.

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